Transparent metallic oxides are pivotal materials in information technology, photovoltaics, or even in architecture. They display the rare combination of metallicity and transparency in the visible range because of weak interband photon absorption and weak screening of free carriers to impinging light. However, the workhorse of current technology, indium tin oxide (ITO), is facing severe limitations and alternative approaches are needed. AMO3 perovskites, M being a nd1 transition metal, and A an alkaline earth, have a genuine metallic character and, in contrast to conventional metals, the electron–electron correlations within the nd1 band enhance the carriers effective mass (m*) and bring the transparency window limit (marked by the plasma frequency, ωp*) down to the infrared. Here, it is shown that epitaxial strain and carrier concentration allow fine tuning of optical properties (ωp*) of SrVO3 films by modulating m* due to strain‐induced selective symmetry breaking of 3d‐t2g(xy, yz, xz) orbitals. Interestingly, the DC electrical properties can be varied by a large extent depending on growth conditions whereas the optical transparency window in the visible is basically preserved. These observations suggest that the harsh conditions required to grow optimal SrVO3 films may not be a bottleneck for their future application.
Domain motion during ferroelectric switching has been recently suggested to follow scale-invariant avalanche dynamics. An interesting question concerns the dynamics of ferroelastic materials where the bulk material is nonpolar, while the polarity arises at domain walls only. We tackle this issue by investigating the dynamics of ferroelastic twins in SrTiO3 where the movement of domains is driven mainly by the anisotropic dielectric response at low temperatures. We find that the dynamics of the twin reconfiguration under electric field proceeds by jerks, where the energy distribution is power-law distributed, indicating avalanche dynamics. Avalanche exponents are sensitive to the complexity of the twin pattern structure, reflecting glassiness when twins are interwoven and forming junctions at the intersections between domain walls. This “glassy” behavior is attributed to the pinning originated by these self-generated defects during jamming between twins.